The foreign exchange market had a very lethargic start to the week. If one is tempted to pinpoint a trend, it would be a minimal weakening of the dollar.
On Friday, the US currency was gaining strongly, and this movement should be seen in terms of a rebound. However, there is no sign of rest on the cryptocurrency market, which cannot recover from last week's plunge. A large part of Europe is celebrating Pentecost today, which will not support volatility in currencies either. Also, in a broader sense, the market may go into a wait-and-see phase ahead of the very important Federal Reserve meeting on June 16th. The latest batch of data from the USA is inconclusive. In April, the labour market was weak, retail sales did not increase, while inflation was the highest in a decade.
Strong US April PMI data boost the greenback
The US PMI indexes published on Friday came in at record highs. Especially in the case of the services index, which significantly beat expectations based on the wave of opening the economy. These readings were the ones behind Friday's rise in the dollar. It is becoming increasingly evident that the economic rebound has a choppy and jerky nature. In particular, the labour market report for May (released on June 4th) will be under scrutiny soon. As a result, further significant declines in the US currency may be delayed.
In the case of the CEE3 region, the Hungarian central bank's decision will be particularly important, as it announced last week that it would respond to the strong inflation of over 5% with a rate hike already in the first half of the year. These comments were water for the mill to strengthen the forint, which gained about 2% against the euro and the dollar and was the strongest representative of the emerging basket. In the USA, the most important data will be consumer sentiment, information from the real estate market, and GDP revision for the Q1. Investors will also be monitoring numerous speeches by FOMC members, also due to the upcoming two-week media blackout ahead of the Federal Reserve's June meeting.